Software is a key component of all telecommunications networks. Network management software, and telecommunications, can be placed in computers, servers, mainframes, and communication processors as multiplekserdan router. The program is used by network servers and other computers in the network, to manage network performance. Programs, program management functions such menjalanka, client computers automatically check for activity input / outputs, prioritize requests from clients and data communication terminals, as well as detecting and correcting transmission errors and other network problems.
For example, the frequent use of mainframe-based WAN monitoring teleprosesing (Teleprocessing Monitor, TP). Control System identification of customer (customer identification control system, CICS) for IBM mainframe is a general example. Servers in the local area and other networks often rely on network operating systems, such as Novell Netware, or operating systems such as UNIX, Linux, or Microsoft Windows for network management. Many software suppliers also offer software as a telecommunications medium-scale devices (middleware), which can help different networks to communicate with each other.
Telecommunications functions built in Microsoft Wondows and other operating systems provide a variety of communications support services. For example, working with communications processors (eg, modem) to connect and disconnect and set communication parameters such as speed, how, and transmission.
Manjemen packet networks such as telecommunication network operations and monitor prioritize transmission channel (route and switch) messages, the terminals in the network, and form a waiting line (queue) of the transmission request. This package also detects and corrects errors transmsi, log statistics, from network activity, and protect network resources from unauthorized access.
Examples of network management functions are:
Flow management; Mengelolasumber power and current in order to avoid network congestion and optimize service levels for users.
Security as a major concern of the current network management. Thus, the telecommunications software menyediaakan authentication, encryption, firewalls and auditing functions, and enforce security policies.
Surveillance Network; Settlement issues and network monitoring to network administrators informed about potential problems before they occur.
Capacity Planning; Survey of network resources and the flow pattern and the need to meet the needs of the network users are constantly growing and changing.