Data are important resources of an organization, which need to be managed, such as managing critical assets, in other businesses. Currently, it can not survive or succeed without quality data, the internal operations and their external environment.
This is why many organizations and managers need to practice the management of data resources, that is a managerial activity that applies information technology systems, such as data base management, data warehouse and other data management tasks to manage an organization's data resources in order to meet the information needs oihak-parties with an interest in their business. In this post I will show you, the implications menegerial self, using technology, and resource management data organization, in order to meet the information needs of the business.
Fundamentals of Data Concepts.
Character; logical elements most basic data is character, consisting of a letter, number, or other symbol. One could argue that the bits (byte) of data elements that are more basic, but bear in mind that the term refers to the physical storage elements provided by the computer hardware.
Field; subsequent; higher level of data is a field, or a piece of data. A field consists of a group of interconnected characters. For example, the character of the letters in a person's name to form field names, (or usually, field, last name, first name, middle name and acronym) and the grouping of figures in the number of sales will form field sales amount. In particular data field represents an attribute (a characteristic or quality) of some entities (objects, people, places, and events). For example, the salary of an employee is a commonly used field data, which describes, an employee entity.
Note; Fields interconnected grouped for Formatting a note. So a record represents a collection of attributes that describe the entity. For example cantatan payroll for someone to explain various attributes, names numbers and rates.
File; interconnected group of records is called a data file, or table. Thus, the employee file will contain a record of the various employees of a company. For example: payroll files, document files and graphic image files.
Database; is an integrated collection of data elements are logically interconnected. Database consolidate various records formerly stored in separate files combined into one common data elements that provide data for many applications.
Types of Database.
Ongoing developments in information technology and applications normally have produced some kind of evolution of the primary database.
Data base of operations; Stores detailed data needed to support business processes and operations of a company. Database operations are also referred to as the area is called database (SADB), database transactions (transaction database) and the production database (production database).
Distributed Databases; Many organizations replicate and distribute a variety of copy or part of the database to the server network into various sites. Distributed databases can be housed in a server network World Wide Web, on corporate intranets and extranets, or on other company networks.
External Database; access to rich information from an external database is available free of with or without, the cost of the many sources from the World Wide Web. Web site provides an endless variety of types of pages hyperlinked multimedia documents in a hypermedia database for your access.