Sunday, June 8, 2014

Work Flow Management

Work Flow Management

Many of the business processes in e-commerce applications that can be managed and automated with the help softwaremanajemen Part of the work flow. Work flow systems for e-Business collaboration company helps employees electronically collaborate to accomplish tasks in a structured work-based business process knowledge. Work flow management in e-Business and e-Commerce software relies on machine work flow (workflow engine software) which contains a variety of software models in the underlying business processes to be completed. The work flow model reflects the series that has been applied in advance of the various business rules, roles of stakeholders, authorization statement, alternative delivery, databases used, and the sequence of tasks required to process each e-Commerce. Thus, the current system is working to ensure that transactions, decisions and activities appropriate work done, as well as the data and correct document has been sent to the employees, suppliers, and other parties with an interest in the company (stakeholders).

Notification Activity

Most applications are system-driven activity, which responds to a variety of activities, from the first Web site access by new customers, to process the payment and delivery, and for the invaluable customer relationship and supply chain management activities. This is why the supply chain process event notifications (event notification) system plays an important role in e-commerce, because customers, suppliers, and employees and other stakeholders should be informed about all the activities that have an impact on their status in various tansaksi. Software works with event notifications work flow software to monitor all e-Commerce processes and records all relevant events, including sudden changes or problematic situations. The system then works with the user profile creator software to automatically notify all stakeholders are seen in a variety of transactions using the method used by the user or electronic messages, such as email, newsgroups, pagers, and communication via fax. This includes notifying the management company so that they can monitor their employees resposivitas of various e-commerce activities and responses of customers and suppliers.

Cooperation and Trade

The main categories of e-commerce is a process that supports the importance of cooperation agreements and trading services needed by the customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders to complete e-commerce transactions. So in a previous post, we have discussed how e-business tools focused on the customer such as email, discussion systems, and group discussions, growing interest in online communities among the employees and customers to improve customer service and build customer loyalty in e-Commerce. Fundamental cooperation among trading partners in e-commerce can also be provided by the internet based trading services. For example, the Web portal of B2B e-commerce provided by companies such as Ariba and Commerce One supports the matching process, negotiation, and mediation between buyers and sellers. In addition, B2B e-commerce platform and relies heavily on Internet-based trading portal that provides online purchase and auction for the company's e-Business. Therefore, lelalng and developed online trading companies such as FreeMarkets leh, have changed the procurement process in many large companies. This and other e-commerce will be discussed next post.

Search Management

Search Management

Search process efficiently and effectively provide the ability for Web sites of leading e-commerce to help customers find the products or services they wish to be evaluated or purchased. E-Commerce Software may include components of a search engine Web site, or search engine companies can get special e-commerce search technology companies such as Google and Requisite Technology. Search engines can use a combination of various search techniques, including search by content (product descriptions, for example), or based on parameters (eg, above, below, or between a certain range of values ​​for the various properties of the product).

Content Management and Catalog

Content management software helps e-commerce companies to develop, generate, transmit, update, and save text data and multimedia information on the site, an e-Commerce site. For example, the German media giant Bertelsmann, owner of some of, using the content manager software StoryServer to produce Web page templates that allow the online editor of six international offices easily publish and update the review books and information lainny products, which are sold (by syndicate ) to other e-Commerce sites.
The contents of the e-Comerce often shaped multimedia catalog regarding product information. So, create catalogs and manage content is the main circuit from content management. For example, W.W. Grainger & Co., a distributor of industrial parts worth several billion dollars, using catalog management software suite centerstage to pull data from more than 2,000 suppliers database, standardize and translate the data into HTML or XML for use on the Web, and administer and improve the delivery of data to fast as multimedia Web pages on their web site,

This software and management tools profiler working with the foregoing, to personalize content of Web pages viewed by each user. For example, using OnDisplay content management software to drive personalized promotional information about oppurtunity  another trip to the users while they remain trlibat in online transactions relating to their journey.

Lastly, the content and catalog management can be expanded to include product configuration processes that support Web-based self-service and mass adjustments over the various products of the company. Configuration software helps online customers to select the optimum range of product features that allow, that can be incorporated into finished goods. For example, Dell Computer and Systems Cysco using the configuration software to sell computers and network processors bespoke to their online customers.

Saturday, June 7, 2014

The Principal Subject of e-Commerce

The principal subject of e-Commerce

Principal staple needed in e-Commerce for the operation and management of e-commerce activities are managed well, illustrated and described in general nine major components in the architecture of the e-commerce process. The discussion will focus on the role played by the various processes of the e-Commerce system, but you have to realize that many of these components can also be used in an internal e-business applications are non-trade. An example is a system of Internet-based human resources used by the employees of the company, which can use all except the payment process and product catalog management. The following is a brief discussion of each category of the principal process.

Access Control and Security

E-Commerce processes have to build trust and secure access various parties in e-commerce transactions, through user authentication, access pengotorisasian, and implementation of security features. For example, these processes build an e-commerce site for customers to tell who they are by name and passwords, encryption keys, or certification and digital signature. E-Commerce sites must then authorize access to only those parts of the site accessible to every user needs to complete the transaction. So, you will usually be given access to all the resources of an e-commerce website, ecuali account of another person, company data is limited, and administrative areas webmaster.Perusahaan-companies doing B2B e-commerce can rely on the exchange is limited to obtaining goods industry and services, or through a trade portal site which allows only registered customers are accessing information and trading application. Other security processes to protect the resources of e-commerce sites from various threats such as hacker attacks, theft of passwords or credit card numbers, and system failures. We will discuss many of the threats and security features in a future post.

Creating Profiles and Personalization

Once you have gained access to an e-commerce website, profile creation process can be run to collect data about you and your behavior and choices of your Web site, and build electronic profiles of various characteristics as well as your preferences. User profiles developed using the profiler tool such as registration, cookie files, software searcher behavior in Web sites and user response. This profile is then used to recognize you as an individual user and gives you tam [ilan personalization of the various contents of the site, as well as product advice and personalized Web ads as part of a personalized marketing strategy. Profile creation process is also used to help authenticate your identity for the purpose of account management and payment, as well as to collect data on customer relationship management, marketing planning, and management of web sites. Some of the ethical issues in the user profile creation have been discussed in a previous post.

Friday, June 6, 2014

Various categories of e-Commerce

Various categories of e-Commerce

Many companies are now visible in or sponsoring three basic categories of e-Commerce, e-Commerce Businness-to-customer, business-to-business, and consumer to consumer. Note : We will not explicitly review applications Business-to-Government (B2G) e-Government and in this post. However, many of the concepts of e-Commerce in accordance with apalikasi-application of this kind.

E-Commerce Business-to-Customer (B2C). In the form of this kind of e-Commerce, companies must develop attractive electronic market to sell various products and services to customers. For example, many companies offer e-Commerce Web site that provides a virtual display and multimedia catalogs, interactive order processing, secure payment systems, and online customer support.

E-Commerce Business-to-Business (B2B). E-Commerce category involves e-business center and direct market relationships between firms. For example, many companies offer secure Web site contains a catalog of e-commerce via the Internet or extranets for customers of the company's suppliers and fig. It is also very important is the portal of B2B e-Commerce marketplace that provides auctions and buy jaul for various companies. Other companies can rely on Electronic Data Interchange-EDI, via the Internet or extranets to exchange computer-to-computer over a wide range of e-commerce documents with large customers of the company and its suppliers.

E-Commerce Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C). The huge success of online auctions, such as eBay, where customers (and also the company) can buy and sell to each other in the process of auction website, making a strategic business C2C e-commerce are important. Thus, participating or sponsoring auction firm customer or alternative e-Commerce is essential for B2C, C2B (consumer-to-busines), or B2B. Electronic personal ads of products or services to buy or sell by customers in the electronic newspaper sites, e-Commerce portal customers, or a personal Web site is also a form of C2C e-Commerce is more important.

Thursday, June 5, 2014

Electronic Commerce Systems - Introduction to e-Commerce

Introduction to e-Commerce

E-Commerce changing the shape of competition, speed of action and streamlining interactions, products and payments from customers to the company and from the company to the supplier.

For most businesses today, e-Commerce is more than just buying and selling products online. Instead, an e-Commerce covers the entire process of development , marketing, sales, delivery, service, and payment for various products and services are bought and sold in the global market networked customers , with the support of a network of business partners around the world. As will be discussed in this post, e-Commerce systems rely on internet resources and many other information technology to support each step of the process. We will also see that many big or small companies, which are involved in some form of e-Commerce activity. Therefore, developing the ability of e-Commerce has become an important option that should be considered by most companies today.

Scope of e-Commerce

Illustrated the scope of the business processes involved in marketing, purchasing, sales, and service of products and services in companies doing e-Commerce. Companies that rely on e-Commerce either as buyers or sellers rely on Internet-based technology, and applications and e-Commerce services to complete the process of marketing, product discovery, transaction processing, and customer service processes and products. For example, e-Commerce can encompass interactive marketing, ordering, payment and process support to customers through catalogs and e-Commerce auction site on the World Wide Web. However, e -Commerce also includes a variety of business processes such as access to inventory databases by customers and suppliers (transaction processing), intranet access by the customer relationship management system for customer service representatives (service and support), and customer collaboration in product development through exchange email and news groups on the internet (marketing/discovery).

E - Commerce Technology .

What technology is needed for e-Commerce? The short answer is most of the technology and Internet technology that will be discussed in the e-Commerce system . Illustrated technology resources needed by many e-Commerce system, consisting of multiple hardware, software, data, and network components are used to provide e-Commerce Online auction.

Financial Management System

Financial Management System

Company -based financial management system to support business managers and practitioners in decisions relating to (1) business and finance (2) the allocation and control of financial resources within the business. The main categories of financial management systems include cash and investment management, capital budgeting, financial forecasts, and financial planning. The financial needs of a business and analyze a variety of alternative methods of finance. Financial analysts, using financial forecasts relating to the economic situation, business operations, different types of finance available, interest rates, and stock prices and bond to develop a financial plan that is optimal for the business. Electronic spreadsheet software package, DSS software, and Web -based groupware can be used to build and manipulate financial models. Various answers to the question what-if and goal-seeking can be explored when financial analysts and financial managers evaluate various alternatives and their investments. I will discuss in future posts.

Accounting system

Accounting system

The accounting system is the oldest and most information systems used in many companies. They record and report business transactions and other economic activities. Computer-based accounting system to record and report flow of funds through the setting and making of historical financial statements such as balance sheet and income statement. Such a system is also produce forecast future conditions such as forecasting the financial statements and financial budget. Finance a company's performance is measured through such forecasts by other analytical accounting reports.

Operational accounting system emphasizes the maintenance of historical records and making financial reports are accurate. Typically, these systems include transaction processing systems such as order processing, inventory control, accounts receivable, accounts payable, payroll, and general ledger systems. Management accounting system focuses on the planning and control of business operations. The system emphasizes on cost accounting reports, and analytical reports that compare actual performance with predicted.

Relationship illustrated some important accounting information systems are generally computerized by companies large and small. Many accounting software packages are available for this application. The illustration gives a good summary of the fundamental objectives of the six general accounting information systems and critical, which is used by companies large and small.

Online Accounting System

It is not surprising that the accounting information system is illustrated, and transformed by the Internet technology. By using the Internet and other networks, changing the way how the accounting information system to monitor and track business activity. Online and interactive nature of this kind of network requires a new form of transaction documents, procedures, and controls. This is especially true for systems such as order processing, inventory control, accounts receivable and accounts payable. Illustrated these systems are directly involved in the processing of transactions between the company and customers as well as suppliers. Thus, many auto companies use the Internet and other networks that connect to these trading partners for online transaction processing system of this kind that have been discussed in the initial post.

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Human Resource System

Human Resource System

The function of Human Resource Management-HRM involves recruitment, evaluation, compensation, and employee development and an organization. The goal of human resource management is the use of the use of human resources effectively and efficiently within the company. Thus, human resource designed to support (1) planning personnel to meet the needs of the company, (2) developing the potential of employees, and (3) control of all personnel policies and programs. Initially, the company, using a computer-based information system to (1) generate payroll paychecks and payroll reports, (2) maintain records of employees, and (3) analyze the use of personnel in business operations.

Many companies that have way more away from the traditional personnel management functions and establish Human Resource Information System-HRIS, which also supports (1) the recruitment, selection, and reporting work, (2) employment, (3) performance assessment, (4) analysis of employee benefits, (5) training and development, and (6) the health, safety, and security.

HRM and the Internet.

The Internet has become a driving force for change in human resource management. For example, oline HRM system may involve the recruitment of employees, through the hiring of employees at the company Web site. The company also uses the services of recruitment and commercial database on the World Wide Web , enter a message in the news group option in the Internet, and communicate with job seekers via email.

Internet has rich information and contacts for employers and job seekers . Well-known Web sites for job seekers and employers in the World Wide Web include,, and These Web sites are full of reports, statistics, and other useful information HRM, such as statements of work by industry, or a list of top-level recruitment market by industry and profession.

HRM and Corporate Intranets

Intranet technology allows the company to process most common HRM applications through the company intranet. Intranet allows the Department of Human Resources to provide 24-hour service to their customers: the employees. Intranets can also disseminate valuable information faster than through previous company. Intranet can collect information online from the employee to the input file to the Human Resources company, and can allow managers and other employees to perform various tasks of Human Resources, with little intervention from the Human Resources Department.

For example, Employee Self-Service-ESS intranet applications, allowing the employee to see a variety of benefits, include travel and expense reports, verifying employment and salary information, access and update their personnel, as well as having data mhave limits time. Through this process entirely electronic, employees can use their Web browser to view the salary and benefits information online, directly from their desktop PCs, laptops they, or various intranet terminals located around the workplace.

The benefits of an intranet is an intranet can serve as a superior training tool. Employees can easily to download various commands and processes to obtain information or education that they need. In addition, employees who are using new technology to look at the various training videos on demand via the intranet. So, intranet negating the need to borrow and browse video training. Employees can also use their corporate intranet to automatically generate payroll sheet, as an alternative to the online job cards. The electronic forms make the process view, enter, and easier to adjust payroll information for employees, as well as for Human Resources practitioners .

Production system

Production system

Production Information System supports production/operations covering all activities related to planning and control processes to produce goods or services. Thus, the function of the production/operations related to the management and operational systems of all business enterprise. Management information system is used for the operation and support of all transaction processing companies have to plan, monitor, and control inventory, purchasing, as well as the flow of goods and services. Therefore, companies such as transport companies, wholesalers, retailers, financial institutions, and service companies must use production information systems/operations to plan and control operasimereka. In this paper, we will concentrate on the production of computer-based application system to illustrate the information that support the functions of production/operations.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)

In the past, the manufacturer operates with a simple inventory model. They built 100 or 100,000 items and sell them through a distribution network. They trace stock inventory and make more when supplies reach the lower limit. However, suddenly the work is rarely done as well as expensive, and configuration options are limited. Everything has changed now. Various concepts such as inventory just-in -time, made ​​-to-order production (build-to -order - BTO), clarity of e -business tool chain for the production of Web-based collaboration, has changed many things in the factory management.

Various production information systems , many of which run through the site , are used to support computer- integrated manufacturing (computer-integrated-manufacturing-CIM). CIM is a general concept which emphasizes that the purpose of the computer-based systems in production should be to :
Simplify (reverse) production processes, product design, and organization of the plant as an important basis for automation and integration.
Automating the production process and the various business functions that support them through computers, machines, and robots.
The integration of all production processes and supporting the use of computer networks, cross-functional business software, as well as other information tekologi.

The general objective of the CIM and such information systems is to create a whole production process is flexible and agile, which efficiently produce a wide range of high quality products. Thus, CIM supports various flexible production system concepts, fast-moving production, and total quality management. Implement such a concept production allows the company to quickly respond to and meet the various needs of customers with high quality products and services.

Production information system helps companies to simplify, automate, and integrate the many activities required to produce various types of products. For example, computers are used to help engineers design better products by using a system of Computer-Aided-Engineering (CAE) and Computer-Aided-Design (CAD), as well as the production process better through  Computer-Aided-Planning (CAP). They are also used to help plan the various types of raw materials required in the production process, which is referred to as Material Requirement Planning (MRP), and integrating MRP with production schedules and operations workshop, called Manufacturing Resource Planning. Many of the various processes in the company's planning system cracked power production is included in the ERP software modules that have been loaded earlier.

System Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) is a variety of systems that automate the production process .

Manufacturing Execution System (MES) is a system of performance monitoring information for the operation of the factory workplace .

Control of the process is the use of computers to control the physical processes that are running .

Control of the machine is the use of computers to control various actions share the machine.

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Marketing Systems

Marketing Systems

Business functions of marketing associated with the planning, promotion, and sales of existing products in existing markets, as well as the development of new products and markets brbagai new to be able to attract and better serve existing customers and prospective customers. Business firms are increasingly turning to technology to help them perform inference marketing functions, important in the face of changes in the current environment is changing rapidly.

We describe illustrate how marketing information systems provide a variety of information technology that supports the main components of the marketing function. For example, a web site or intranet and internet services to make the process interactive marketing can be done by the customer to be a partner in making, marketing, purchasing, and improved its range of products and services . Sales automation systems using mobile computing and information technology to automate a wide range of activities to support information processing and ma najemen sales. Marketing information systems in customer relationship management, product planning, pricing, and other product management decisions, advertising, sales promotion, and targeted marketing strategies, as well as research and market forecast. Let's take a closer look at all three of these marketing applications.

Interactive Marketing.

Interactive marketing products are found to describe pemaran process that focuses on the customer, which is based on the use of internet, intranet and extranet to create a two -way transaction anatar company with customers or prospective customers. The goal of interactive marketing is to allow companies to use their networks menguntukan in order to attract and retain customers who will be partners preformance company makes , as well as raise the purchase of products and services.

Targeted marketing.

Targeted marketing has become an important tool in developing advertising and promotional strategies to strengthen the company's e-commerce businesses , as well as the location of the company's business . We illustrate the concept of targeted marketing and advertising campaign management that includes five major components, namely :

community; Companies can customize the advertising messages and their web promotion methods to appear in depat people in a particular community. Those interested can berupakomunitas, such as virtual communities online sports fan, or those with a hobby arts and crafts, or geographic community formed by a city or a website other local organizations.
contents; Ads such as electronic billboards or banners can be placed on various Web sites selected, in addition to the company's web site. The contents of these messages are aimed at the target group. An advertising campaign for the product on the opening pages of Internet search engines is a common example .
context; Ads appear only on web pages that are relevant to the content of the product or service. So, advertising is directed only at persons who have been looking for information about a subject (traveling on vacation, for example) associated with the company's products (car rental services , for example).
Demographic or physiographic regions; Web marketing efforts can dtujukan only on the types or certain classes of human beings : not married, twenties, middle- income, male university graduates, for example.
Online Behavior; Advertising and promotional efforts may be established any presence of visiting a website by someone. This strategy is based on various techniques such as search, files a "cookie " that web visitors recorded on the disk drives of various previous visits. This allows the company to trace a person's online behavior on the web site so that marketing efforts (such as cash coupon redeemable at retail stores or e-commerce web sites) can be directed to that person whenever he visited their website.

Sales Force Automation.

More and more computers and the Internet that provides a means to automate the sales force. In many companies, the sales force is equipped with nootbook computer, web browser, and sales contract management software that connects them with marketing websites on the internet, extranet and intarnet their company. This not only improves personal productivity, sales force, but scecara dramatically speed up the capture and analysis of sales data from the field to The marketing manager at the company headquarters. Finally, it enables marketing and sales management to improve the delivery of information and support they provide to their salespeople. Therefore, many companies saw sales force automation as a way to gain a strategic advantage in sales productivity and marketing responsiveness.

Functional Systems Business

Functional Systems Business

The move from traditional business managers where they can avoid the delegate, or ignore decisions on IT to marketing planning, product, internationalization, organizational or financial plan can not be without involving IT decision like that.

There are many ways to use information technology in business because there are some activities to do business, the business problem to be solved, and the business opportunities that should be pursued. As a practitioner of business, you should have a basic understanding and appreciation of the various ways to use information systems to support each business function that must be resolved in a company that wants to succeed. So in this paper, we discuss the business functional systems, ie different types of information systems (transaction processing, information management, decision support, etc.) that supports a variety of business functions such as accounting, finance, marketing, operations management, and resource management humans.

IT in Business

As a business practitioners, it is also important that you have a specific understanding of how information systems affect the function bisnistertentu, for example marketing , or certain industries, eg banking, which is directly related to your career goals, for example, someone who is a career tjuan marketing positions within the bank should have a basic understanding of how information systems used in banks and how the information system supports a wide range of marketing activities within banks and other companies. Thus, the system infirmasi in this section will be analyzed according to the business functions they support with a look at some important examples in each area of ​​functionality. This will give you awards for various business functional systems used by companies large and small.

Cooperation System Company

Cooperation System Company

Business problem that is really hard to have a lot of aspects. Often times the main decision depends on the search to one or two sudden pieces of additional information and special rapid analysis of several possible scenarios. You need a software tool to easily combine and re- combine the data from many sources. People widespread need to work together and process the data in different ways.

Enterprise Collaboration System-ECS is an information system that functions lntas improve communication, coordination, and cooperation among team members and business workgroups. Information technology, particularly Internet technology, providing a range of tools to help us work together to communicate ideas, share resources, and effort mengkoordinaskan desires our cooperation as a member of the formal and informal processes, project teams, and work groups that make up the organization at this time. Thus, the purpose of the cooperation system of the company is to enable us to work together more easily and effectively by helping us to :

•   Communication; share information with each other
•   Coordinate; coordinate our efforts and activities of the individual using resource sharing with others .
• Working together; working together cooperatively on joint projects and assignments .

For example, the technicians, experts in business, and outside consultants to form a virtual team for a project. The team can rely on intranets and extranets to collaborate mealalui email, video conferencing, discussion forums, and multimedia databases within the company about the progress of the project Web site. Cooperation system companies can use a PC at work dijaringkan to different server where the database project, corporate, and other databases, stored. In addition, the server network can provide a wide range of software resources, such as Web browsers, and application packages, to help the team work until the project is completed .

Tool for Cooperation Company.

Capabilities and potential of the Internet, as well as intranets and extranets, moving the demand for collaboration tools better company in the business. In other words, Internet technologies, such as Web browsers and servers, documents and hypermedia databases, as well as intranets and extranets that provide standards for hardware, software, data and networking bagibanyak collaboration groupware tool for companies that want company. I draw illustrations overview of several software tools for electronic communications, electronic conferencing, and management of collaborative activities.

Electronic communication devices; include email, voice mail, fax, web publication , Bulletin Board System, pagers, and internet telephone system. These tools allow you to electronically transmit a variety of messages, documents, and files in the form of data, text, sound, or multimedia through the network komputer.Hal help you share everything from voicemail to text to copy various project documents and files the data with your team members , wherever they are, Ease and efficiency of such communications is a major contributor in the process of cooperation.

Conference collaboration tool; help people communicate and work together while working together . Various methods of conference allows the team members and work groups in different locations to exchange ideas interactively on the same times, or at different times as they wish. This includes data and voice conferencing, video conferencing, conversation system, as well as discussion forums. Options include electronic conference meetings and group support systems other systems where the team members can meet at the same place and sat in the background Decission room, or use the Internet to work together anywhere in the world.

Management tools of collaborative activities; helping people to resolve or manage the activities of the working group . This software categories include tool- making calendars and schedules, project and task management, workflow systems, and tool-making, editing and revision of documents together, can be found in the software suite.

Transaction Processing Systems

Transaction Processing Systems

Transaction Processing System is a cross-functional information systems that process data from business transactions. Transaction processing system introduced in my previous writings, as one of the major categories of information system applications in business .
Transactions are a variety of activities that occur as part of the business activities, such as sales, purchase, storage, withdrawals, refunds and payments. For example, imagine the data produced when the company selling something to a customer on credit , either from a retail store or through e-commerce sites on the Web. Data about customers, products, salespeople, stores, and other companies should be captured and processed. This ultimately led to additional transactions, such as credit checks, customer billing, changes in inventory , accounts receivable and an increase in the number of businesses, which generate even more data. Thus, transaction processing activities required to capture and process such data, or business operations will slow down until it stops. Therefore, a transaction processing system plays an important role in supporting the company's e-business operations.
Transaction Processing System Online strategic role in e-commerce. Many companies using the Internet, extranets, and other networks that bind them electronically to their customers or suppliers for online transaction processing, online transcation processing-OLTP . Real-time systems of this kind, that catch and process transactions quickly, can help companies provide superior service to its customers and other trading partners. This ability to add value to their products and services, and then give them a valuable way to differentiate themselves from competitors.

Transaction Processing Cycle

Transaction processing systems, capture and store data that describes the various business transactions, renewing the organization's database, and produce a wide range of information products. You must understand this as a transaction processing cycles of various business activities such as the following :
Data Entry. The first step of the transaction processing cycle is catching business data.The example , the data can be collected by post transaction terminal using optical code scanner and credit card reader lines in retail stores or other businesses. Alternatively, transaction data can be captured through an e-commerce website on the internet. Adequate recording and editing of data, so that data can be quickly and correctly captured for processing, is one of the major challenges in the system design of information systems (discussed in the next post).
Transaction Processing.
Transaction processing system processes the data in two basic ways (1) batch processing, transaction data that accumulates over time and processed periodically, and (2) real-time processing, also called online processing, which processes the data immediately after the transaction. All online transaction processing system combines real-time processing capabilities. Many online system also relies on the ability of' fault tolerance' computer system can continue to run even though Sebaian of system failure . The concept of fault tolerance will dibahan upcoming posts.

Database Maintenance. The database is to be maintained by the organization transaction processing systems so that they are always right and the new . Therefore, a transaction processing system to update the organization's corporate database to reflect the changes in the results of daily transactions . For example , sales of loans to customers will make the customer account balances rise and reduced the amount of inventory on hand. Maintenance of the database to ensure that these changes and other changes are reflected in the records stored in the database datayang company.

Preparation of documents and reports. Transaction processing system produces a wide range of documents and reports. Examples of transaction documents include purchase orders, payroll checks, sales receipts, sales invoices and statements to customers. Transaction reports can be shaped like a payroll transaction list, or edit a report that describes the various errors that are detected during processing.

Processing Request. Many transaction processing system allows you to use the internet, intranet and Web browser , or database management query language to make requests and receive responses with regard to the results of transaction processing activities . Typically, responses displayed in different formats or screens that have been previously dipesifikasikan. For example , you can check the status of a sales order, the balance in an account, or the number of items in stock sertamenerima immediate response to your PC.

Sunday, June 1, 2014

Enterprise Application Integration

Enterprise Application Integration

How a company connects some of the cross-functional enterprise systems, which have been discussed in the last post. Enterprise Application Integration-EAI software, used by many companies to link e-business applications, such as CRM and ERP. EAI software allows users to create models of business processes that are involved in interactions that must occur between business applications. EAI also provides middleware that performs the conversion and data coordination, communication applications and messaging services , as well as access to a range of application interfaces involved . Thus , EAI software can integrate enterprise applications with various groups enabling them to exchange data in accordance with the rules of business process models developed by users. For example, regulations that would normally reads; ' When an order is complete, the application for the order to send accounting bills and remind the delivery section to send the product.

Thus, EAI software can integrate applications and back office of the company so that they can work together seamlessly and integrated. This is an important capability that provides real business value for companies that must respond quickly and effectively a wide range of business activities and subscriber demand . For example, the integration of enterprise applications group has shown to dramatically increase the response and effectiveness of the call center . It is caused by EAI to integrate various access to all customer data and products needed by the customer service department employees to be able to serve customers quickly. EAI also shorten the processing of sales orders so that products and services can be delivered more quickly to customers. So, EAI repair experience with enterprise customers and supplier companies because the response.

SCM ( Supply Chain Management ) : Business Networking

SCM ( Supply Chain Management ) : Business Networking

The supply chain is the result of inheritance restrained by various measures and the same pile of inventory that is not needed . For example, a breakfast cereal box is surprisingly exceptional spent 104 days from factory to supermarket, struggling on its way through so many intricate network of wholesalers, distributors, intermediaries and consolidators, which each have a warehouse. E-business opportunities lies in the incorporation of any company's internal systems to suppliers, partners, and customers. Merger is encouraging companies to integrate better inter- enterprise supply chain processes to better integrate the inter- enterprise supply chain processes in order to boost the efficiency of production and distribution effectiveness.

Many companies are now making supply chain management, as the main strategic objectives and initial efforts to the development of e -business major. In dasrnya, supply chain management, helping companies get the right product at the right place, the right time, with the right amount and at reasonable cost. The objective of SCM is to efficiently manage this process by estimating demand; inventory control ; improve the company's network of business relationships with customers, distributors, and other companies, and received a response to the status of each relationship in the supply chain. In order to accelerate this goal, many companies turned to Internet technology to run their supply chain processes, decision-making and the flow of information through the web.
Supply chain management is a cross-functional inter-company system that uses information technology to help support and manage the various relationships between some of the major corporate business processes with suppliers, customers, and business partners . Its goal of SCM is to create a network that is fast, efficient, and low cost, or so-called supply chain, to make the company's products move from concept nebuju market.

What exactly is the chain forces the enterprise? Let's imagine there is a company that wants to build and sell a product to another company. The company subsequently have to buy raw materials and shared services contract from other companies. Relationships between customers, suppliers, distributors, and other companies are required to emndesain, build, and sell the product to form a network of business entities, relationships and supply chain process called. Because every supply chain process should add value to the products or services produced by the company, the supply chain is often referred to as the value chain, a different but related concepts have been discussed in previous posts. In many instances, many companies today are using Internet technologies to make information systems abagi supply chain management company, which helps companies like supply chain management , which helps companies shorten their traditional value chain process.