Production Information System supports production/operations covering all activities related to planning and control processes to produce goods or services. Thus, the function of the production/operations related to the management and operational systems of all business enterprise. Management information system is used for the operation and support of all transaction processing companies have to plan, monitor, and control inventory, purchasing, as well as the flow of goods and services. Therefore, companies such as transport companies, wholesalers, retailers, financial institutions, and service companies must use production information systems/operations to plan and control operasimereka. In this paper, we will concentrate on the production of computer-based application system to illustrate the information that support the functions of production/operations.
Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
In the past, the manufacturer operates with a simple inventory model. They built 100 or 100,000 items and sell them through a distribution network. They trace stock inventory and make more when supplies reach the lower limit. However, suddenly the work is rarely done as well as expensive, and configuration options are limited. Everything has changed now. Various concepts such as inventory just-in -time, made -to-order production (build-to -order - BTO), clarity of e -business tool chain for the production of Web-based collaboration, has changed many things in the factory management.
Various production information systems , many of which run through the site , are used to support computer- integrated manufacturing (computer-integrated-manufacturing-CIM). CIM is a general concept which emphasizes that the purpose of the computer-based systems in production should be to :
Simplify (reverse) production processes, product design, and organization of the plant as an important basis for automation and integration.
Automating the production process and the various business functions that support them through computers, machines, and robots.
The integration of all production processes and supporting the use of computer networks, cross-functional business software, as well as other information tekologi.
The general objective of the CIM and such information systems is to create a whole production process is flexible and agile, which efficiently produce a wide range of high quality products. Thus, CIM supports various flexible production system concepts, fast-moving production, and total quality management. Implement such a concept production allows the company to quickly respond to and meet the various needs of customers with high quality products and services.
Production information system helps companies to simplify, automate, and integrate the many activities required to produce various types of products. For example, computers are used to help engineers design better products by using a system of Computer-Aided-Engineering (CAE) and Computer-Aided-Design (CAD), as well as the production process better through Computer-Aided-Planning (CAP). They are also used to help plan the various types of raw materials required in the production process, which is referred to as Material Requirement Planning (MRP), and integrating MRP with production schedules and operations workshop, called Manufacturing Resource Planning. Many of the various processes in the company's planning system cracked power production is included in the ERP software modules that have been loaded earlier.
System Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) is a variety of systems that automate the production process .
Manufacturing Execution System (MES) is a system of performance monitoring information for the operation of the factory workplace .
Control of the process is the use of computers to control the physical processes that are running .
Control of the machine is the use of computers to control various actions share the machine.